quintal


quintal
(q)
   1.  a traditional unit of weight in France, Portugal, and Spain. Quintal is also the generic name for a historic unit used in commerce throughout Europe and the Arab world for more than 2000 years. The unit began as the Latin centenarius, meaning "comprised of 100" because it was equal to 100 Roman pounds. The centenarius passed into Arabic as the cantar or qintar and then returned to Europe through Arab traders in the form quintal. The German zentner and English hundredweight are familiar forms of this same unit in northern Europe. The traditional French quintal equaled 100 livres (48.95 kilograms or 107.9 pounds), but today the word "quintal" in France usually means a larger metric unit (see next entry). The Spanish quintal is 100 libras (about 46 kilograms or 101 pounds). The Portuguese quintal is larger; it is equal to 128 libras (about 129.5 pounds or 58.75 kilograms). "Kwintal" is the English pronunciation given in standard English dictionaries, but "kintal" (closer to the Spanish pronunciation) and "kantal" (closer to the French) are also used.
   2.  a common metric unit of mass equal to 100 kilograms or approximately 220.4623 pounds. Notice that the metric ton is roughly equal to its non-metric predecessors, but the metric quintal is about twice the size of the traditional quintal.

Dictionary of units of measurement. 2015.

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  • quintal — quintal, aux [ kɛ̃tal, o ] n. m. • XIIIe; lat. médiév. quintale, de l ar. qintâr « poids de cent », d o. gréco lat. 1 ♦ Vx Poids de cent livres. (Canada, apr. 1760) Mod. Poids de 112 livres. 2 ♦ Masse de cent kilogrammes ou de 220,46 livres (symb …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Quintal — Quintal, in Frankreich metrischer Zentner 100 kg. Der alte spanische Quintal zu 46,014 kg ist noch vielfach in Gebrauch in Mexiko, den Vereinigten Staaten von Zentralamerika, Westindien und Südamerika außer Brasilien; dort wird das portugiesische …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • quintal — Quintal. s. m. Poids de cent livres. Quintal de foin, quintal de poudre, &c. Cela pese tant de quintaux …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Quintal — Quin tal, n. [F., fr. Sp. quintal, fr. Ar. qintar a weight of 100 lbs., prob. fr. L. centenarius consisting of a hundred, fr. centeni a hundred each, fr. centum a hundred. See {Hundred}, and cf. {Kentle}.] 1. A hundredweight, either 112 or 100… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Quintal — steht für die alte Bezeichnung des Zentners; siehe Zentner eine Gemeinde im französischen Département Haute Savoie; siehe Quintal (Haute Savoie) einen Zeitabschnitt zwischen den Schulferien in der Schweiz; siehe Schuljahr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • quintal — (n.) a weight of a hundred pounds, late 15c., from O.Fr. quintal, from M.L. quintale, from Arabic quintar, from Late Gk. kentenarion, from L. centenarius containing a hundred (see CENTENARY (Cf. centenary)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • quintal — s. m. 1. Terreno com horta e jardim próximo à casa de habitação. 2.  [Brasil] Pátio. 3. Peso de quatro arrobas. 4. quintal métrico: cem quilogramas …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • quintal — sustantivo masculino 1. Unidad de masa castellana que equivale a 46 kilogramos. Locuciones 1. quintal métrico En el sistema métrico decimal, unidad que equivale al peso de 100 kilogramos …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • quintal — (Del ár. hisp. qinṭár, este del siriaco qanṭīrā, y este del lat. centenarĭum, centenario). 1. m. Peso de 100 libras equivalente en Castilla a 46 kg aproximadamente. 2. Pesa de 100 libras. quintal métrico. m. Peso de 100 kg …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Quintal — (fr.), 1) der französische Handelscentner = 100 Livres = 48,95 Kilogramms = 97,9 deutsche Zollpfund; 2) (Q. métrique), = 100 Kilogrammes = 200 deutsche Zollpfund; 3) der spanische Handelscentner = 46,009 Kilogramm = 92,018 deutsche Zollpfund;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Quintal — (franz., spr kängtall, abgekürzt q.), soviel wie Zentner, vgl. Maße (Tabellenbeilage); der Q. métrique = 100 kg; in England und Nordamerika soviel wie Cental …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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