Rockwell hardness


Rockwell hardness
(RH-)
   a measure of the hardness of a metal introduced by Rockwell in 1922. In a Rockwell hardness test, a penetrator makes an indentation in the metal under two constant loads, a "minor" load (generally 10 kilograms) and then a "major" load. The difference in penetration depth between the two loads provides the measure of the hardness, usually read from a gauge on the testing machine. There are several Rockwell scales for different ranges of hardness. The most common are the B scale (RHB), for which a steel ball is used as the penetrator, and the C scale (RHC), for which a cone-shaped diamond is used. The B scale is appropriate for soft metals, the C scale for hard metals. Rockwell hardness numbers are not proportional to Brinell or Vickers hardness readings.

Dictionary of units of measurement. 2015.

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  • rockwell hardness — ˈräˌkwel , kwəl noun Usage: usually capitalized R Etymology: after Stanley P. Rockwell, 20th century American metallurgist : the hardness of a metal or alloy measured by an apparatus in which a diamond pointed cone is pressed into the metal to a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rockwell hardness — A measurement of the degree of hardness of a given substance …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • Rockwell hardness number — Rockwell hardness number. См. Число твердости по Роквеллу. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Rockwell hardness test — Rockwell hardness test. См. Определение твердости по Роквеллу. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Rockwell hardness number — a number indicative of the degree of relative hardness of materials, determined by measuring the depth of the impression made by a steel or diamond penetrator pressed into the surface of the material being tested. There are a number of Rockwell… …   Medical dictionary

  • Rockwell hardness test — a test to measure hardness by determining the depth of penetration into a specimen of a penetrator under predetermined conditions of test …   Mechanics glossary

  • Rockwell scale — The Rockwell scale is a hardness scale based on the indentation hardness of a material. The Rockwell test determines the hardness by measuring the depth of penetration of an indenter under a large load compared to the penetration made by a… …   Wikipedia

  • hardness tester — ▪ device       device that indicates the hardness of a material, usually by measuring the effect on its surface of a localized penetration by a standardized rounded or pointed indenter of diamond, carbide, or hard steel.       Brinell hardness is …   Universalium

  • hardness — The toughness of the surface of a metal. See brinell hardness indentation hardness rockwell hardness shore hardness …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • Rockwell — can refer to: People * Dick Rockwell, an American comic strip and comic book artist, nephew of Norman Rockwell * Francis W. Rockwell, a United States Congressman from Massachusetts * George Lincoln Rockwell, a 1960s American Neo Nazi leader *… …   Wikipedia


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