brewster


brewster
(B)
   a unit used in optics to measure stress-induced birefringence. A material exhibits birefringence if it has different indices of refraction along different axes. Many crystals exhibit birefringence. In addition, certain substances, including many plastics, exhibit birefringence if they are subjected to compression or stress in one direction. The brewster, which measures this effect, has dimensions reciprocal to those of stress. One brewster is defined to equal 10-12 square meters per newton (m2/N) or 10-13 square centimeters per dyne (cm2/dyn). The unit is named for the British physicist David Brewster (1781-1868), who discovered stress-induced birefringence in 1816.

Dictionary of units of measurement. 2015.

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  • Brewster — may refer to:People* Anna Brewster * Benjamin Brewster * Benjamin H. Brewster, American attorney, cabinet member * Craig Brewster * Daniel Brewster * David Brewster, Scottish scientist * Diane Brewster * Elizabeth Brewster * Harlan Carey Brewster …   Wikipedia

  • Brewster & Co. — Brewster Company was an American coachbuilder, active from 1810 1937. Their first known bodywork on an automobile was in 1896, on an electric car, and a gasoline powered car in 1905, on a Delaunay Belleville chassis. Eventually they would use… …   Wikipedia

  • Brewster — steht für Brewster (Florida) Brewster (Kansas) Brewster (Massachusetts) Brewster (Minnesota) Brewster (Nebraska) Brewster (New York) Brewster (Ohio) Brewster (Washington) Brewster (Mondkrater) Brewster ist der Familienname folgender Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brewster — Brewster, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 29 Housing Units (2000): 20 Land area (2000): 0.086885 sq. miles (0.225030 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.086885 sq. miles (0.225030 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Brewster —   [ bruːstə],    1) Sir (seit 1831) David, britischer Physiker, * Jedburgh (Borders Region) 11. 12. 1781, ✝ Allerly (Borders Region) 10. 2. 1868; Privatgelehrter; ab 1815 Mitglied der Royal Society. Brewster begann bereits 1799 mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Brewster, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 285 Housing Units (2000): 136 Land area (2000): 0.251941 sq. miles (0.652524 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.251941 sq. miles (0.652524 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Brewster, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 2212 Housing Units (2000): 2129 Land area (2000): 3.850236 sq. miles (9.972064 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.053826 sq. miles (0.139408 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.904062 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Brewster, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 502 Housing Units (2000): 218 Land area (2000): 1.201250 sq. miles (3.111223 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.201250 sq. miles (3.111223 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Brewster, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 29 Housing Units (2000): 20 Land area (2000): 0.086885 sq. miles (0.225030 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.086885 sq. miles (0.225030 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Brewster, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 2162 Housing Units (2000): 881 Land area (2000): 0.475792 sq. miles (1.232296 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.475792 sq. miles (1.232296 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Brewster, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 2324 Housing Units (2000): 904 Land area (2000): 2.027088 sq. miles (5.250134 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.007958 sq. miles (0.020611 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.035046 sq. miles (5.270745 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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